Research Overview

KRISH brings excellence and expertise in wide range of disciplines including urban and regional planning, geography and environmental sciences, energy and transformative studies, socio-politics, sustainable architecture, society and systems applications. Within these areas, we cover a wide range of themes with scientific, policy and practice relevance –

SEE (Space and place, Equity, and Environment)

 Almost half of the population of the world lives in rural regions and mostly in a state of poverty. Such inequalities in human development have been one of the primary reasons for the unrest and, in some parts of the world, even  violence – Abdul Kalam


As Abdul Kalam rightly submitted inequality in the patterns of development has been the precursor of natural resource and human exploitation. The growing clamor about inequities in climate crisis following a devastating typhoon that killed thousands in the Philippines re-emphasises the issue of equity and equality in the human development. Inequality in both rural and urban areas, between regions, and between nations  has particularly affected inclusive development. The research theme on SEE aims to address these issues through understanding the socio-spatial interactions between humans and the natural world, with a focus on equitable development, climate adaptation/mitigation, resilience and vulnerability issues.

SHARE (Sustainable Habitat, Area and Region, and Energy)

There can be no sustainable development without sustainable energy development Margot Wallstrom

Solar Energy

Sustainability and energy in contemporary research needs to be interlinked for overall sustainable habitat. It is requisite for integrating renewable energy and energy efficiency in planning of buildings, cities, transport, and industries. This research theme on SHARE aims contributing to expanding green buildings, energy efficiency, area and regional planning, cities and energy, sustainable urban transport, solid waste management and water, clean and affordable energy, urban greening and rural development with emphasis on understanding socio-political contexts, policy settings and growth-enhancing institutional reforms.

 TRANS (Transformations and Systems)

We are witnessing an enormous shift of collective consciousness throughout the world. We are at the precipice of great transformation within our culture and government – Zachary Quinto


Significant efforts to diffuse green innovations and to develop and deploy new ones through a combination of ‘technology-push’ and ‘market-pull’ policies can only foster growth in green innovations. Transformation and systems thinking derive strategic implications for policies shaping these innovation processes. This research theme explores the dynamics and provides insights into regime transformation and systems innovation for low-carbon development in the context of socio-technical paradigm shifts, urban-rural linkages, green transitions and systems thinking.

To read ‘Research overview’ in printable format click here